Iberia, Bravo!

David Clark Little, harpsichord

Sonata K 335 in D Major: Allegro			Domenico Scarlatti (1685-1757)
Sonata K 336 in D Major: Allegro			D. Scarlatti
Sonata No. 84 in D Major: Allegro			Padre Antonio Soler (1729-1783)
Sonata K 2 in G Major: Presto			D. Scarlatti
Sonata K 105 in G Major: Allegro			D. Scarlatti
Sonata K 402 in E Minor: Andante			D. Scarlatti
Sonata No. 4 in G Major: Allegro			A. Soler 

***********     intermission     ***********

Sonata K 54 in A Minor: Allegro			D. Scarlatti
Sonata K 133 in C Major: Allegro			D. Scarlatti
Sonata No. 6 in C Major: Allegro			Carlos de Seixas (1704-1742)
Diferencias sobre el canto del.Caballero	Antonio de Cabezón (1510-1566)
Sonata K 516 in D Minor: Allegretto		D. Scarlatti
Sonata K 517 in D Minor: Prestissimo		D. Scarlatti
Sonata K 238 in F Minor: Andante			D. Scarlatti
Sonata K 239 in F Minor: Allegro			D. Scarlatti


Program duration: 90 minutes including short talks about the music, composer, and instrument..

The countries of Spain and Portugal make up the Iberian Pennisula, and are geographically separated from the rest of Europe by the Pyrenees Mountains. In the classical period this separation resulted in music which is distinct from the traditions of the rest of Europe. Typical is the influence of local folk music, particulary Flamenco, with its heavy reliance on the guitar, an instrument which evolved from the 'Uod' or lute, imported from the Middle East.

The Italian-born composer Domenico Scarlatti spent much of his life working for the royal families of Portugal and Spain. Influenced by flamenco and Iberian folk music, it wasn't until he was about 45 years of age that he started writing the 555 sonatas for harpsichord for which he became famous. The Russian romantic pianist Vladimir Horowitz popularized several of the sonatas.

Antonio Soler was a Spanish composer whose works span the late Baroque and early Classical music eras. Although he was a prolific composer of over 500 pieces, he is best known for 150 keyboard sonatas, and perhaps authored a famous fandango.

Carlos de Seixas was a Portuguese composer, who met Domenico Scarlatti when he was living in Portugal. The story goes that when the king's son arranged for Scarlatti to give Seixas harpsichord lessons, Scarlatti replied that it was Seixas who should give him lessons!

Antonio de Cabezon was blind from childhood, but became the first major Iberian composer, and was employed by the Spanish royals as organist and teacher. A brother and son of Antonio were both also organists and composers, and helped him in transcribing his music.

The instrument tuning is: Vallotti, A = 415 hz.

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